Treatment for Osteoporosis

Treatment for Osteoporosis

Treatment for Osteoporosis

The treatment for osteoporosis typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medications, and other therapies. The primary goals of treatment are to slow down bone loss, prevent fractures, and improve overall bone health. It is important to note that specific treatment approaches may vary based on individual circumstances, so it is important you consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice. Here are some common treatment options for osteoporosis you should be aware of:
 

1.  Lifestyle modifications:

 osteoporosis and exercise

  •  Adequate calcium intake: Ensure you’re getting enough calcium in your diet through sources like dairy products, leafy green vegetables, and fortified foods.
  • Sufficient vitamin D: Maintain appropriate vitamin D levels, as it helps with calcium absorption. Sun exposure, fortified foods, and supplements provide vitamin D.
  • Balanced diet: Follow a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-rich foods. Consume adequate amounts of protein, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats to support overall health and bone density.
  • Regular exercise: Engage in weight-bearing exercises like walking, jogging, dancing, yoga, or strength training to help strengthen bones and improve balance. Consult with a physical therapist to design a personalized exercise program.
  • Avoid smoking and limit alcohol: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption increase the risk of osteoporosis. Quit smoking if you’re a smoker, and limit alcohol intake to moderate levels or less.
  • For more detailed information about managing osteoporosis through nutrition and lifestyle modification, click here.

2.  Medications:

 osteoporosis medications
  • Bisphosphonates: These drugs help to slow down bone loss, increase bone density, and reduce fracture risk. Bisphosphonates are the most commonly prescribed medications for osteoporosis. Commonly prescribed bisphosphonates include alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), ibandronate (Boniva), and zoledronic acid (Reclast).
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs): Medications such as raloxifene (Evista) mimic the effects of estrogen in some respects, helping to maintain bone density.
  • Hormone therapy: Estrogen therapy may be an option for postmenopausal women to prevent bone loss. However, the decision to use hormone therapy should be carefully discussed with a healthcare provider, considering potential risks and benefits.
  • Teriparatide (Forteo) and abaloparatide (Tymlos): These medications are synthetic forms of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and are used in severe cases or when other treatments haven’t been effective. They help stimulate bone formation and increase bone density.
  • Denosumab: Also known as Prolia or Xgeva, denosumab is an injectable monoclonal antibody that works by inhibiting a protein called RANK ligand, which plays a role in bone breakdown. Denosumab helps to reduce bone loss, increase bone density, and lower the risk of fractures.
  • Calcitonin: This hormone, available as a nasal spray (Miacalcin) or injection (Calcimar), helps to inhibit bone breakdown and may provide some pain relief. However, it is less commonly used compared to other medications.
  • Please note that the choice of medication depends on various factors such as the severity of osteoporosis, the individual’s medical history, and their personal needs. A healthcare professional should be consulted to determine the most appropriate medication for an individual’s specific situation.

3.  Other therapies:

exercise
              • Calcium and vitamin D supplements: Supplements are recommended to ensure adequate levels if dietary intake is insufficient.
              • Physical therapy: This can improve balance, strength, and coordination, thereby reducing the risk of falls and fractures.
              • Fall prevention strategies: Taking measures to prevent falls can help reduce the risk of fractures. This includes keeping your living environment safe, using assistive devices if needed, and regular vision check-ups.
              • Hip protection: If you are given an osteoporosis diagnosis, it is highly recommended that you wear hip protection. Half of osteoporotic women age 50 and older will break a bone after a fall, and one in four men over 50 will also break a bone due to osteoporosis. Of the 300,000 hip fractures individuals experience each year, 75,000 or 25% will die within a year of their fracture. Another 75,000 move from the hospital to a nursing home, never to return home. The remaining 150,000 fracture patients never regain their previous mobility. Six months after a fracture, only 15% of patients can walk across a room unaided.

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              Remember, it’s important to work closely with your healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your specific condition and medical history. Please reach out to your medical provider to find an osteoporosis treatment plan that works best for you. For more information about hip protection and how Phoenix Hipwear can help you maintain your independence and active lifestyle, contact us today to discuss your personal situation and help you work through next steps!